As per a recent study, around 75.44 billion devices will be connected to the internet between 2015 and 2025. Currently, 4G has made IoT possible but soon it will be accompanied by next-generation technology i.e 5G.
5G has numerous technical advantages. Some of which are a wide range of frequency spectrum, huge multiple-input, and multiple-output technology which enables high data transmission, and small cells which enable mobile broadband and low latency. There is less dependency on the infrastructure, minimum hardware requirement, and high bandwidth which results in performance improvement.
5G to offer a speed of 20Gbps, supporting up to a million devices per square kilometers
5G technology has the appropriate infrastructure for the expanding IoT market. It has predicted to offer speed up to 20Gbps, which will take the connectivity to a whole new level. In developed countries, smart cities have already moved in the direction of adopting this technology. It has been announced in Europe that at least one city in each country should try 5G.
In smart cities, the density of smart devices is a serious challenge. 5G can be beneficial in such cases since it can support up to a million devices per square kilometer.
The rise of connected cars with the assistance of 5G technology
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5G will also assist in providing the necessary infrastructure for connected objects like connected cars. As per a report, 70% of the vehicles will be connected to the Internet by 2023. Self-driving cars will be dominant in the automotive market. These cars essentially require internet connectivity for maintenance and energy-efficient sensors. 5G will help overcome this challenge in the automotive sector.
Cybersecurity, a potential threat
Although 5G has many benefits to offer for the IoT market, it also needs to check for security threats. With an infrastructure where billions of devices will be connected, it is difficult to ensure security on each level. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of cyberattacks, and 5G needs to test for potential threats.
Almost every device today needs internet connectivity from smart homes to smartphones, public transport, and several other systems. The 5G technology will naturally be a game-changer for the IoT market. The demand for the incorporation of 5G to the IoT landscape is increasing but it needs to be tested thoroughly before it is adopted on a wider level.