- It uses the cognitive systems to analyze security trends and distill enormous volumes of structured and unstructured data into information, and then into actionable knowledge to enable continuous security and business improvement.
- It uses the automated, data-driven security technologies, techniques and processes that support cognitive systems’ having the highest level of context and accuracy.
Data security has taken the center stage in today’s digitally advanced world. Every other software company is trying to protect users’ data and their identity with latest technologies and security strategies. In this era, compliant security has been opted for, which consists of perimeter controls and security intelligence. However, a new era has been emerging from these two base strategies, and that is Cognitive Security.
IBM has published a well-defined and detailed white paper on Cognitive Security. As the name suggests, Cognitive Security is the security system that is self-learning. It uses use data mining, machine learning, natural language processing and human–computer interaction to mimic the way the human brain works. That means, it can actually ‘think’ and ‘predict’ the probable security threats and even protect the user from it. This is certainly one of the highest levels of security, when the system is learning by itself.
Why Move From Compliant To Cognitive Security
As mentioned the White Paper from IBM, Cognitive Security has following capabilities:
Before the year 2005, Perimeter Control was the prime security strategy. It offered static defenses that guard or limit the flow of data. This includes firewalls, antivirus software and web gateways. However, the evolution of information security within the enterprise was the beginning of Compliance exercise.
From Perimeter Control, the security strategies moved forward. It went on to lock down and restrict access to sensitive information via passwords and a range of access control strategies. However, the success of security was more about passing an audit. These kind of techniques are not useful in today’s environment.
Security Intelligence came into the picture after the year 2005. As IBM states,
Security intelligence uses analytics to detect deviations from regular patterns, uncover changes in network traffic and find activities that exceed defined levels.
The Security Intelligence infrastructure consists of analytics. Those are applied to massive amounts of information so as to understand company data within context and prioritize day-to-day activities. Within this strategy, it is also determined whether certain deviations are meaningful or not. However, security intelligence can not help detect compromises faster. It can simply reduce the false positives to save time and resources.
As a result, Cognitive Security has become the need of time. It is mainly build upon the Security Intelligence. It is the security that understands, reasons and learns the security threats and methods to counter them.
You can know more about the Cognitive Security from IBM white paper.
Date: May 23, 2017